Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral and central nervous system diseases. Depending on the type of disease and its severity, a neurosurgeon may suggest conservative or surgical treatment – more or less invasive. For consultations with experienced and highly qualified neurosurgeons, visit ENEL-SPORT centres in Warsaw and Łódź!
Different types of diseases, anomalies and disorders of the nervous system very often do not produce characteristic symptoms. They are first treated by internists, orthopaedists or physiotherapists. However, this type of therapy may not produce the expected results and then the patient is referred to a neurosurgeon.
When to visit a specialist?
There is a large group of general, not very characteristic symptoms, which, having excluded the most typical diseases or in the absence of effects of the implemented treatment, should make the patient to visit a neurosurgeon. They may include the following problems:
- headaches of unknown origin – occurring at different times (both day and night),
- quite severe pain not associated with fatigue, stress or weather changes,
- alarming dizziness,
- frequent incidents of fainting.
Another group of symptoms quite strongly associated with neurosurgical conditions are disorders of the musculoskeletal system:
- back and limb pain which is recurrent and resistant to treatment,
- numbness in hands and legs,
- paresis and impaired mobility of the limbs,
- ailments not related to injuries or orthopaedic diseases.
Very frequently, neurosurgery is the solution to such problems.
A neurosurgeon can also find the cause of hearing and vision impairment, as well as impairment of cognitive function – memory, orientation, thinking, understanding and concentration.
What does the visit look like?
Consultations and neurosurgical treatment start with taking a history – the doctor asks the patient about their general state of health, drugs taken and previously diagnosed diseases. They read the medical records and ask about the symptoms, their frequency and severity. Then they perform a simple neurological examination, including the presence of meningeal signs, reflexes, superficial and deep sensibility, or coordination of movements.
In neurosurgery, modern diagnostic imaging examinations, such as magnetic resonance imaging, have the greatest diagnostic value.
What diseases may the specialist diagnose?
In neurosurgery, various diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system are diagnosed. The most frequently diagnosed ones include the following:
- intracranial haematomas,
- spine and spinal cord tumours,
- skull fractures,
- craniocerebral injuries,
- cervical and lumbar discopathy,
- peripheral nerve damage,
- cerebrospinal hernias,
- intracranial hypertension.
Neurosurgery – treatment methods
Neurosurgery generally involves quite invasive treatment methods used when pharmacotherapy, rehabilitation or other ordered treatment methods prove ineffective.
Neurosurgical treatment at enel-sport. Neurosurgical treatment at enel-sport includes the following:
- endoscopic removal of disc hernia,
- stabilisation of vertebrae with an implant,
- more invasive surgeries: removal of neoplasms within the spinal canal, and cervical disc or lumbar disc operations.
After surgery, the patient may be prescribed pharmacotherapy and rehabilitation.