Neurology is a field of medicine that deals with diseases of the peripheral and central nervous system. Since it is related to psychiatry, many neurological diseases are of interest to neurologists and psychiatrists.
Neurologists diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. On the basis of performed examinations, they recommend appropriate diagnostic procedures and methods of treatment of neurological diseases. They also assess health status of patients after a stroke and craniocerebral trauma or in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease. They also make a decision to introduce neurological rehabilitation.
Neurological disorders can have a huge impact on the functioning of the body and sometimes human life. Therefore, in Enel-Sport in Warsaw and Łódź, we offer comprehensive care provided by paediatric and adult neurology specialists.
Neurology – when to visit a doctor?
Treatment of neurological diseases includes primary disorders occurring in the nervous system and secondary disorders being a result of organ diseases or disorders of other systems. Given the variety of causes, a neurologist should be consulted on all symptoms that can be a sign of a disease of the nervous system, including in particular the following:
- pain and weakness,
- abnormal sensation, tremor and other involuntary movements,
- motor coordination disorders,
- loss of consciousness.
Patients with memory and concentration disorders or impairment should also visit a neurologist. Neurological diseases also include sleep, hearing, vision and smell disorders.
A visit to a neurologist is necessary in the case of craniocerebral or neurological trauma, such as a stroke. In such situations, appropriate neurological rehabilitation, which requires prior qualification, is necessary to improve the quality of life of such patients.
Neurology – what does the visit look like?
A visit to a neurologist starts with history taking and some simple examinations, including the following:
- analysis of reflexes (e.g. knee reflex, biceps or triceps reflex, adductor reflex and Achilles tendon reflex),
- assessment of gait,
- assessment of speech,
- assessment of superficial sensation.
On this basis, an initial diagnosis is given and a decision is made on possible further diagnostic procedures which may include:
- electromyography (EMG),
- electroneurography (ENoG).
Neurology – what diseases may be diagnosed by the doctor?
Diseases and disorders treated by neurologists include the following:
- neural tube defects,
- degenerative spine conditions,
- multiple sclerosis,
- Parkinson’s disease,
- Alzheimer’s disease,
- Huntington’s chorea,
- Wilson’s disease,
- encephalitis, meningitis and myelitis,
- stroke and post-stroke condition,
- brain tumours,
- myasthenia, myopathy and myotonia.